Blue biotechnology is concerned with the exploration and exploitation of marine resources in order to develop new products with economic value, get new sources of energy, extract new active ingredients for pharmaceutical and industrial purposes or increase food supply.
A JRC led report highlights the damages and related costs caused by macro and micro plastic to marine ecosystems, human health and economic activities.
Islands cover only about 3% of the world’s surface but withstand a disproportional amount of biodiversity, including many endemic species. One third of the world’s conservation hotspots are islands, and 7 of the 10 coral reef hotspots surround islands. Invasive Alien Species are among the primary threats to biodiversity on islands.
The ongoing Black Sea Bio-Optical Cruise supported by the European Space Agency (ESA), led by the Joint Research Center (JRC), and performed onboard the Akademik Research Vessel of the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, focusses on satellite ocean color validation activities but also aims at supporting investigations on alien phyto- and zooplankton marine species.