Regulation 1143/2014 on Invasive Alien
Species (IAS) is enforced with a collaboration between the EU Commission and Member
States national competent authorities in charge of implementation.
Organisms to be
targeted for surveillance and eradication measures are included in a
"Union list". IAS can be proposed by the Commission or Member States
for listing as of Union concern, according to art. 4 of the Regulation. A
formal technical dossier, the Pest Risk Assessment, is evaluated by the
Scientific Forum, group of experts on invasive alien species taxonomy, biology
and ecology, appointed by Member States.
According to the listing procedure, also stakeholders are invited to provide additional
evidence and information, and are represented by the Working Group on IAS, consisting
of interested parties, assisting the Commission and facilitating coordination.
Further on, the Pest Risk
Assessment compliant to the legislation, identifying species with significant
impact on biodiversity impact are submitted for final approval to the IAS Committee,
composed by representatives of Member States competent authorities, and
subsequently published in the Official Journal of the European Union.
Regulation (EU) 2018/968 of 30.04.18,
recently published, provides details about the common
elements and methodology to be considered for Pest Risk Assessments, to harmonize
and facilitate the listing procedure of IAS of Union concern.
EASIN, as the official
information system, supports Member States by gathering and making available
scientific and spatial data, and preparing updated distribution maps of IAS of
Union concern, used as baseline.
DG Environment webpage on
invasive alien species
Factsheets of the 49
species of Union concern